Mallorca Island Geography

The Mallorca Island is the largest of the Balearic Islands. It has an area of 3.640 square kilometers. The Balearic islands have a total population of 676.000, and approximately 379.000 of these live in the capital Palma de Mallorca.

Tramuntana mountain range

Almost one third of the island is covered by the mountain range of Tramuntana, which is the most dominating feature of islands geography. Tramuntana covers an area of 1067 square kilometers extending from the South Western coast of Mallorca to the Northern coast of Mallorca. Mountain range starts from the Dragonera Island in the Southwest and ends into the Cap of Formentor in the north. The highest point of Tramuntana is Puig Major 1.445 meters. There are lots of steep slopes and cliffs with a height of 400 meters.
The sedimentary material that form the mountain range of Tramuntana is limestone. The strong dissolution of the material is a reason for caves, natural water springs and deep torrents, such as Torrent de Pareis. There are around 700 natural water springs in the are of Tramuntana.

The East Coast

There are two large bays in the North Eastern corner of the island surrounded by the mountains. The Bay of Pollensa is surrounded by the mountain range of Tramuntana in the north and the Bay of Alcudia ends into a smaller mountain range in the east. Rest of the east coast is covered by much smaller bays that the locals call Calas, Cala Figuera for example.
The South coast and the interior of the island

South coast of Mallorca is drier and rockier part of the island. The south Zone with sandy beaches is called Es Migjorn. The mountain ranges and es Migjorn surround the interior part of the island, which is a fertile plain known as Es Pla. This part of the island is more flat and covered with fields of almond and olive trees.